Mass=Area

The theorem for the mass being replaceable by an area of square meters is most appropriate in ratios lengths. The 4D gravity continuum is treated as a fluid. space is like a liquid. When a proton or electron accelerates, its area hits the fluid, causing an inertial reaction. That is mass being an area that causes inertia in a fluid. The viscosity of the fluid is being researched. It is possible that the same viscosity also accounts for the limited galaxy size and rotation anomaly. Also, the limited observable universe may also be viscosity related, using the same value for viscosity as used for inertial mass.

James asked, "How did you become cognizant that there being an issue
 or shortcoming to standard theory? "

In October of 2014, I was asserting that time does not exist. But then
a physicist convinced me that "time is growing".

http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/1932/1/time.pdf

Based on a growing time in a 4 dimensional continuum,
I expected that space is shrinking. That allows
the conservations of continuum. That seemed like gravity,
with space shrinking to bring objects to planets.

The shortcoming of standard physics was its idea of time.
If time is growing out of the Earth, it has a radial direction.
The Gravity Volume Theory was developed to provide articulation
of the directions of time and space, relative to matter.
In General Relativity, hidden away is G. Newton's Universal
Gravitational Constant G is in the Einstein equations. That
means he had no idea what causes G, so he followed Newton's
wisdom without making progress to understand the cause of
gravity. Einstein quoted authority figures Newton and Kepler,
assuming that mass caused gravity, somehow.

To improve gravity theory, I decided to use the volumes inside
protons and neutrons to cause the space outside them to shrink.
I rejected the "stress energy tensor" because it is
inarticulate. Math does not cause gravity. Real things do.
Real geometry was expected to be satisfactory as a tool.
I modeled spacetime as a fluid, maybe a liquid, or maybe a
gas-like compressible fluid. Then I used that idea to
provide the Mass Equals Area Theorem.
If mass=area, then force can be factored into primitive
dimensions, x, y, z, t.

force = mass* acceleration = meter^2 * meter/second^2

f = meter^3 / second^2

But electrical forces can share that definition of force.
Then charge must be an area also, because of the similarity
of Coulomb's force formula and Newton's force formula:

f = kqQ/RR

f = GmM/RR

But I did not want mass= area = charge, so I proposed an
8 dimensional physic:

Gravity continuum : x y z t

Electricity continuum : Ex Ey Ez Ht
January 5, 2017

______________________________

Mass Ratio of Proton::Electron from Factors

The factors that determine the mass ratio of two particles
are proposed. The formula for the Bohr Radius was
combined with the Atomic Scale Relation to deliver
the ratio of proton to electron mass.

mp/me = q^3 r k pi alpha / h^2

That reads, "The mass ratio equals the proton charge cubed times
the proton radius times Coulomb's Constant,
times pi times alpha, the fine structure constant, divided by
Planck's Constant squared."
The charge cubed makes sense, based on the definition
of q in the neo-Maxwell Equations. There, q, the proton
charge, has a formula with the sixth root of a time
constant (tau_e). By taking the third power of q, that
time constant has its exponent go from 1/6 to 1/2. Then
a simple square root of time is easier to imagine as
a geometric object.
The Bohr Radius was already defined in 1916 by (a):

a = (h_bar)^2 / (me q^2 k)

where me is electron mass, k is Coulomb's constant.
The Atomic Scale Relation from 2016 deals with proton mass mp

2.41 Angstroms = mp/(r alpha) = q/(4 pi a)

Substituting (a) from its definition into the
Atomic Scale Relation gives the resulting ratio

mp / me = q^3 r k pi alpha / h^2

Conclusion : only standard universal constants are needed
to give the factors of the mass ratio of 1834. That value
is plus or minus an uncertainty in r, the proton
radius 0.9500000 fm. To get such a simple formula, hidden
calculations of gravity unification were canceled and hidden
from this essay. That cancellation is similar to how complex
numbers get real in a wave function model from old science.

This equation for the mass ratio can be analyzed in
two pieces: numerator and denominator. Let the symbol
~= indicate a relationship.

Numerator
mp ~= q^3 r k pi alpha
The proton mass is related to charge cubed times radius times k.
Units of measure total meter^8 / second^2 for the numerator
because q is area, and k is acceleration
q^3 r k pi alpha  = meter^6 * meter * meter/second^2

Denominator
me ~= h^2
electron mass is related to Planck's Constant squared.
h is an angular momentum, meter^4/second

Conclusion: The electron mass is characterized by
Planck's Constant when compared to a proton mass,
which is characterized by charge with its hidden
time constant (tau_e), and by a proton radius
blended with that charge area cubed, and with
the k constant which describes the proton's
active field.
mp/me = q^3 r k pi alpha / h^2  = 1834
The mass ratio hints at the way protons really work differently than electrons.

1/14/2017

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